Auto SGA Management Impacts the Default Value of DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT

The database engine determines the maximum disk I/O size used during multiblock reads (for example, full table scans or index fast full scans) by multiplying the values of the db_block_size and db_file_multiblock_read_count initialization parameters. The db_file_multiblock_read_count initialization parameter can be set explicitly, or, as of version 10.2, it’s also possible to instruct the database engine to automatically configure it. For the latter, simply don’t set it.

About the value which is automatically determined by (more...)

Online Training Ad: Oracle Database 12c – New Performance Features

On 10 December 2015 I’ll give an online training entitled Oracle Database 12c – New Performance Features. This short post provides key information about it.


With every new release of Oracle Database, a number of features aimed at improving performance are introduced. It goes without saying that 12.1 is no exception to the rule. Notably, it introduces key improvements in three areas.

  • The query optimizer has been enhanced not only by the introduction (more...)

Foreign Keys and Library Cache Locks

In this post I would like to describe a behavior of Oracle Database that, at least for me, isn’t obvious at all. Actually, it’s something that I can’t explain why it works in that way.

Let’s start by setting the scene by describing the schema I’m using for the following tests. As you can see from the image, there are three tables: one table (PARENT) that is referenced by two other tables (CHILD1 and CHILD2). Schema used for the tests (more...)

Bugs Related to SQL Plan Directives Pack and Unpack

SQL plan directives are a new concept introduced in version 12.1. Their purpose is to help the query optimizer cope with misestimates. To do so, they store in the data dictionary information about the predicates that cause misestimates. Simply put, the purpose of SQL plan directives is to instruct the database engine to either use dynamic sampling or automatically create extended statistics (specifically, column groups).

Since the database engine automatically maintains (e.g. creates (more...)

Ad: Trivadis DK Opening Event

Trivadis, the company I work for, just opened a new branch in Denmark (the press release, in German, is available here). On the 14th of April (09:00-15:00) takes place, in the Oracle’s office in Ballerup, the opening event. Two colleagues of mine and I will be there to deliver the following presentations:

Big Data versus Conventional Techniques – Decision Criteria (Peter Welker, Senior Principal Consultant)

Better use Big Data technologies in the Business (more...)

Exadata Storage Index Min/Max Optimization

Before discussing the Exadata-specific feature, let’s review what the database engine can do independently of whether Exadata is used. To execute queries containing the min or max functions efficiently, two specific operations are available with B-tree indexes defined on the column referenced in the min or max function. The first, INDEX FULL SCAN (MIN/MAX), is used when a query doesn’t specify a range condition. In spite of its name, however, it performs no full (more...)

Restrict the query optimizer through OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE and Top-Frequency/Hybrid Histograms

To make upgrades easier, I regularly see people considering disabling query optimizer features by setting the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE initialization parameter to a non-default value. My general opinion about this “habit” is summarized in TOP with the following two sentences:

Changing the default value of the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE initialization parameter is only a short-term workaround. Sooner or later the application should be adapted (optimized) for the new database version.

The issue is that not all new features are (more...)


If you are an attendee of UKOUG Tech14 you have a chance to win a free copy of Expert Oracle SQL by Tony Hasler AND a free copy of Troubleshooting Oracle Performance (2nd edition) by myself.

If you want to know more, click here.

Expert Oracle SQL

Troubleshooting Oracle Performance, 2nd Edition

STATISTICS COLLECTOR Row Source Operation and LOBs

The aim of the STATISTICS COLLECTOR row source operation, which is used in adaptive plans, is to buffer all data produced by its child operation until it is known whether the inflection point is crossed. It goes without saying that buffering requires memory and, therefore, Oracle Database has to limit the amount of memory that can be allocated for that purpose. As a result, in some situations no adaptive plans can be used because according (more...)

The Importance of the In-Memory DUPLICATE Clause for a RAC System

With the INMEMORY clause you can specify 4 sub-clauses:

  • The MEMCOMPRESS clause specifies whether and how compression is used
  • The PRIORITY clause specifies the priority (“order”) in which the segments are loaded when the IMCS is populated
  • The DISTRIBUTE clause specifies how data is distributed across RAC instances
  • The DUPLICATE clause specifies whether and how data is duplicated across RAC instances

The aim of this post is not to describe these attribues in detail. Instead, (more...)