There are many posts about the amount of memory that is taken by the Oracle database executables and the database SGA and PGA. The reason for adding yet another one on this topic is a question I recently gotten, and the complexities which surrounds memory usage on modern systems. The intention for this blogpost is to show a tiny bit about page sharing of linux for private pages, then move on to shared pages, and (more...)
This is a blog not related to Oracle products in any way.
This post is specific to apple Airport Extreme and Express wifi routers. However, in general: if you have multiple (unix/linux) servers, it makes sense to centralise the (sys)logging of these servers, in order to get a better overview on what is happening on these servers. I would want to go as far as saying that if you don’t you are simply (more...)
This is a blogpost about how I setup my test virtual machines. The seasoned sysadmin and DBA will notice that the techniques used here are perfectly usable for real production environments. The most important thing is there is no need to download or stage any software for installing the virtual machine, everything is downloaded when needed during installation. Obviously this works best when you have got reasonable bandwidth available for connecting to the internet.
This blogpost is about using the linux ftrace kernel facility. If you are familiar with ftrace and specifically the function_graph tracer, you might already be aware of this functionality. This is Linux specific, and this facility is at least available in kernel 2.6.39 (Oracle’s UEK2 kernel).
What is a ‘kernel dive’? Whenever a process is running, it should mostly be in ‘user mode’, executing the program it is supposed to run. However, during (more...)
In a previous article called ‘memory allocation on startup’ I touched on the subject of NUMA; Non Uniform Memory Access. This article is about how to configure NUMA, how to look into NUMA usage and a real life case of NUMA optimisation using in-memory parallel execution.
At this point in time (start of the summer of 2016) we see that the CPU speed competition has stagnated and settled at somewhere below maximally 4 gigahertz, and (more...)
This is a small blogpost on using ‘perf’. I got an error message when I tried to run ‘perf top’ systemwide:
# perf top Too many events are opened. Try again after reducing the number of events
What actually is the case here, is actually described in the perf wiki:
Open file limits
The design of the perf_event kernel interface which is used by the perf tool, is such that it uses one file (more...)
Recently I have been presenting on what running on a large intel based NUMA system looks like (OTN EMEA tour in Düsseldorf and Milan, and I will be presenting about this at the Dutch AMIS 25th anniversary event in june). The investigation of this presentation is done on a SGI UV 300 machine with 24 terabyte of memory, 32 sockets (=NUMA nodes), 480 core’s and 960 threads.
Recently I have been given access to a (more...)
I was setting up disk devices for ASM in Oracle Linux 7. I knew things have changed between Oracle Linux 6 and Oracle Linux 7, but only just a little bit.
First of all, let’s take a look at the current disk usage. To see what disk devices are visible and how they are used, use lsblk:
# lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT fd0 2:0 1 4K 0 disk sda 8:0 0 (more...)
The intention of this blogpost is to show the Oracle wait time granularity and the Oracle database time measurement granularity. One of the reasons for doing this, is the Oracle database switched from using the function gettimeofday() up to version 11.2 to clock_gettime() to measure time.
This switch is understandable, as gettimeofday() is a best guess of the kernel of the wall clock time, while clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC,…) is an monotonic increasing timer, which means it (more...)
This is the second blogpost on using PL/SQL inside SQL. If you landed on this page and have not read the first part, click this link and read that first. I gotten some reactions on the first article, of which one was: how does this look like with ‘pragma udf’ in the function?
Pragma udf is a way to speed up using PL/SQL functions in (user defined function), starting from version 12. If you want (more...)