Latest updates to PerfSheet4, a tool for Oracle AWR data mining and visualization

Topic: This post is about the latest updates to PerfSheet4 v3.7 (February 2015). PerfSheet4 is a tool aimed at DBAs and Oracle performance analysts. It provides a simplified interface to extract and visualize AWR time series data using Excel pivot charts.


Why PerfSheet4: PerfSheet4 is aimed at querying and displaying time-series data from AWR repository tables. This is very a rich source of information to analyze database workloads and trends in the context of performance analysis or (more...)

Talks at UKOUG TECH 2014 with CERN speakers

This is a short blog post with a list of the talks at the UKOUG TECH 2014 conference in Liverpool with CERN speakers. Come and say hi, we hope to see many of you there!



(*) slides can be downloaded from: http://cern.ch/canali

Life of an Oracle I/O: tracing logical and physical I/O with systemtap

Topic: This post is about tracing logical and physical reads in Oracle using systemtap. You will find a few examples illustrating the main mechanisms used by Oracle to do physical and logical I/O and you will learn how to build systemtap scripts to further explore and troubleshoot Oracle I/O.

Introduction: Performing input/output to and from the storage media, i.e. physical I/O, is one of the critical tasks underlying all database engines. When accessing data (more...)

SystemTap into Oracle for Fun and Profit

Topic: This post is about using SystemTap for investigating and troubleshooting Oracle RDBMS. In particular you will learn how to probe Oracle processes and their userspace functions. These techniques aim to be useful as well as fun to learn for those keen into peeking under the hood of the technology and improve their effectiveness in troubleshooting and performance investigations.


Introduction


Userspace probing is a very powerful technique that can be used to complement the available (more...)

Scaling up Cardinality Estimates in 12.1.0.2

Topic: Counting the number of distinct values (NDV) for a table column has important applications in the database domain, ranging from query optimization to optimizing reports for large data warehouses. However the legacy SQL method of using SELECT COUNT (DISTINCT <COL>) can be very slow. This is a well known problem and Oracle 12.1.0.2 provides a new function APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT implemented with a new-generation algorithm to address this issue by providing (more...)

ASM Metadata, Internals and Diagnostic Utilities

If you use ASM on a regular basis, you may find that knowledge of the internals can be very useful for advanced troubleshooting and in general to acquire familiarity with the technology. In particular this is even more relevant when using ASM capabilities for data redundancy/mirroring (i.e. when deploying disk groups with normal or high redundancy).

I have first started investigating this topic when deploying 10g RAC databases in 2005. From time to time (more...)

Oracle Optimizer Investigated with Flame Graphs

Topic: This post is about investigating the Oracle Optimizer using stack sampling and flame graphs. We will see how the complexity of the Optimizer has increased over the years and in particular with the introduction of cost-based optimization and more recently with 12c adaptive optimization.

Context and goal: Stack sampling and visualization with flame graphs are powerful techniques to probe the activity of OS processes and in particular for advanced investigations and troubleshooting of Oracle (more...)

Flame Graphs for Oracle

Topic: This post is a hands-on introduction to using on-CPU Flame Graphs for investigating Oracle workloads. This technique is about collecting and analyzing sampled stack trace data to analyze and troubleshoot Oracle processes at the OS level (in particular applied to Linux).

Motivations: The techniques and tools described here can be used for performance investigations to complement wait-event based information gathered from the Oracle engine, such as information available with ASH and sql monitoring. They (more...)

A Closer Look at CALIBRATE_IO

Topic: This blog entry is about investigating Oracle's DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.CALIBRATE_IO

Spoiler: If you have reached this article in search of a tool for quantitative analysis of storage performance and in particular for measuring random read I/O in Oracle, I'd rather advise you to use tools that allow generating test workloads in a controlled manner, in a way that can be understood and measured and in particular with latency details together with IOPS measurements. For example (more...)