preupgrade.jar – enforced recommendations



Recently I upgraded a database from version 12.1 to 12.2.
I take upgrades serious - similar (but not as skilled) to Mike Dietrich. So I downloaded latest preupgrade.zip and unzipped it [I made a small error by unzipping it NOT to $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin but to a temporary directory - later more about this].
Beside such errors, I try to follow Oracles recommended Upgrade Process.

At some point Oracle recommends to Gather Dictionary Stats (more...)

SQL Real Time Monitoring pure HTML report (thanks to SQLDeveloper 18.3)

Yesterday (from the writing of this post perspective) SQLDeveloper 18.3 came out.
(it seems SQL Developer does not strict follow Oracle Database Release Number schema, otherwise it must be 18.4 already as it's released in 4th quarter of 2018)

There are many bugs fixed on 18.3 and some nice enhancements there as well.

My favorite enhancement is Real Time SQL Monitoring, HTML exports now available - no flash!

As Tanel Poder wrote (more...)

seing your DB as it was some minutes ago

Last week during a discussion with a colleague we thought if it would make sense to have in SQLDeveloper the possibility to see the system "as it was some minutes ago".
Small errors can happen and also resource control isn't always perfect in every company.

Björn Rost suggested to use DBMS_FLASHBACK.ENABLE_AT_TIME:

TFA reports full dba_feature_usage_statistics to MyOracleSupport

Those who deal with MyOracleSupport (MOS) regularly will have noticed their demand for Trace File Analyzer (TFA) diagnostic collections.
Few will know they are also providing a full content of their DBs DBA_FEATURE_USAGE_STATISTICS view; at least when running the parameters
tfactl diagcollect -database <DB_UNIQUE_NAME>

The report calls tfa_home/resources/sql/db_feature_usage.sql and it's result is stored in the <hostname>.tfa_<timestamp>.zip file.

I did not find any mention about this behavior in the documentation, so it might be (more...)

RBAL process needs to release FORMER disk

Oracles Automatic Storage Management (ASM) has many nice advantages against other volume managers. One of my favorite is to add and remove or rebalance disks without any interruption for the database. Unfortunately the remove of devices after the rebalance is completed is not as straight forward as expected: 
In a current environment (Grid Infrastructure: 12.2.0.1.180417, rdbms: 12.1.0.2.180116 and others) after the ALTER DISKGROUP xxx (more...)

unwanted cleanup in /var/tmp/.oracle

In my previous blog missing oraagent.bin process I raised a question:
why does files in /var/tmp/.oracle disappear? 
At least this question I am now able to answer.

By the help of Linux kernel's audit system and a proper rule:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S rename,rmdir,unlink,unlinkat,renameat -F path=/var/tmp/.oracle -F key=ora.delete

I was able to see the culprit process:
----
type=PROCTITLE msg=audit(08/06/2018 17:13:48.382:58122) : proctitle=/usr/bin/systemd-tmpfiles --clean
type=PATH msg=audit(08/06/2018 17:13:48.382:58122) : (more...)

missing oraagent.bin process

It all started with a small error when I tried to stop/start a service:

srvctl start service -d cmpp01_site1 -s cmpp01
PRCD-1084 : Failed to start service CMPP01 
PRCR-1079 : Failed to start resource ora.cmpp01_site1.cmpp01.svc
CRS-2680: Clean of 'ora.cmpp01_site1.cmpp01.svc' on 'av2l954p' failed
CRS-5802: Unable to start the agent process

It's not fine the agent can not be started. so let's check the logfile crsd_oraagent_oracle.trc:
2018-07-23 21:29:14.339 :  (more...)

enabling Database Vault on e-business RAC database

Right now I'm in a process to setup Database Vault for an E-Business suite database. This is a 2 node RAC cluster.
The DB is 12.1.0.2 with April 17 BP.

As the DB exists already, I followed How To Enable Database Vault in a 12c database ? (Doc ID 2112167.1).
Everything looks smooth, but unfortunately, at the Configuration of DV
exec dvsys.configure_dv('DVOWNER','DVMANAGER');
failes with
ERROR at line 1: 
ORA-47500: Database Vault (more...)

OUD – no operational route

Oracle Universal Directory is by far not my preferred tool.
Probably it's me, I'm just not used to it.

The latest joy was an error when I tried to run
eusm addDatabase
and I got
javax.naming.AuthenticationException: [LDAP: error code 49 - Invalid Credentials]
Very unspecific, so I logged into Oracle Unified Directory Services Manager (OUDSM)


There a click on Data Browser showed another error message:
LDAP: error code 52 - The load balancing  (more...)

when it runs on your computer …

... please don't see it ready for customers.

I try to enable Database Vault on an existing 12.2 database.
A proper document to follow is How To Enable Database Vault in a 12c database ? (Doc ID 2112167.1)

At some point it tells to run
@$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catmac.sql system temp <system_password>

unfortunately this fails with
CREATE USER dvsys IDENTIFIED BY "D_DVSYSPW"
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-28003: password verification for the specified password failed
ORA-20025: Password (more...)

preupgrade.jar version number

Mike Dietrich is very motivated to convince everyone who wants to take Oracle database upgrades serious to use always the latest version of preupgrade.jar.

Some parts of Note:884522.1 - How to Download and Run Oracle's Database Pre-Upgrade Utility
 are misleading in my point of view:
If the upgrade-to version is 12.2 or higher, then save the file to your target $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin directory and then unzip the file. It could be your source (more...)

flipping performance

Recently I had a request to check "if there is any problem with the database at <specific times>".
You can imagine, there was no problem. Nothing in alert.log, no tracefiles, no locks or oddities in ASH/AWR.

I had to ask back & forth to get some more information about the issue. The information I got was:
"we use a statement SELECT * FROM table(some_function('P1', 'P2')) - and it took longer than 10 sec at (more...)

enabling Database Vault is complicated

Enabling Database Vault in a already running system can be laborious.

I recently tried to enable DV in a (copy of a ) production Oracle EBS DB.
The Documentation is pretty lear and easy:
https://docs.oracle.com/database/121/DVADM/getting_started.htm#DVADM002
But I fail at

BEGIN 
DVSYS.CONFIGURE_DV (
dvowner_uname => 'DBV_OWNER',
dvacctmgr_uname => 'DBV_ACCTMGR');
END;
/
with
ERROR at line 1: 
ORA-47500: Database Vault cannot be configured.
ORA-06512: at "DVSYS.CONFIGURE_DV", line 23
ORA-06512: at "DVSYS.CONFIGURE_DV", (more...)

Tracing the Database Configuration Assistant

I am struggling with DBCA right now so a little tracing is advised.
Note Tracing the Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) (Doc ID 188134.1) gives a nice suggestion to add these parameters:
-DTRACING.ENABLED=true -DTRACING.LEVEL=2
but it's no elegant solution to edit the shell script in $ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbca

I prefer my new swiss knife for java parameters. A simple environment variable:
_JAVA_OPTIONS= -DTRACING.ENABLED=true -DTRACING.LEVEL=3
This is very useful for any java (more...)

more fun with ages


On-call duties sometimes leads to interesting results.
I have to observe a restore running (or to be more precise wait for a tape library to find the right tapes and put them into drives.
This gives me time to catch up my news aggregator. And some time to play with interesting news.
One interesting post I stumbled across is

Franck Pachos After IoT, IoP makes its way to (more...)

spfile parameters derived from cpu_count

In Oracle databases some spfile parameters are derived based on others, if they are not set explicit.
One of the main drivers I discovered is CPU_COUNT.
So I did some tests based in the past for version 11.1.0.7 and 12.1.0.2.
To simulate a machine with sufficient CPUs, I had to use a trick described in a previous post. Using _disable_cpu_check threw an ORA-7445:[ksucre] in 12.2 with cpu_count >126.

(more...)

Age – hard to calculate


The concept of age seems quite simple.
Right now I'm 42 years old.
I can be more precise and define it as 42 years, some months and several days.
And at a given date I will be 43 years old, and months and date are reset to 0.
Unfortunately it's hard to calculate with these numbers.
For those who wants to go into detail I'd recommend ISO 8601 Data elements and interchange formats. Unfortunately I don't have access (more...)

real virtual CPUs

Some software changes it's behavior based on capabilities of the system it's running on.
but sometimes it's interesting to check how a software would heave on a different system, which is not at hand right now.

On Linux, a lot of information about the current system can be found in /proc and /sys.
These filesystems are virtual, so they can not changed easily with an editor.

In my case I want to simulate  a lot (more...)

Method R Profiler on x86_64 Linux with HiDPI


For a new installed Linux Laptop I tried to install Method R Profiler (and Tools).
But it was not as smooth as expected.

mrprop_wrapper failed with

/opt/mrprof/mrprof_wrapper: line 45: /opt/mrprof-7.1.1.3-linux32/bin/mrprof.exe: No such file or directory
But the file is there, and it's executable.
So the Error is slightly misleading.
Also strace showed a similar error:
execve("/opt/mrprof-7.1.1.3-linux32/bin/mrprof.exe", ["/opt/mrprof-7.1.1.3-linux32/bin/"...], [/* 62 vars */]) = -1  (more...)

don’t look to close, it might change the results

We all know, if we try to look to close on some details, the results we get may change from the original observation.
This is also sometimes true for Oracle Trace events:
During analyses of a query with XMLTYPE which fails with ORA-12850 (in a 4 node RAC DB), Oracle Support asked for some trace files. the query itself is something like
SELECT XMLTYPE(
CURSOR( SELECT ...
FROM gv$lock l
JOIN gv$session s
... ) )


and (more...)