Triggers and Redo: changes on 12.2

In one of the previous posts I showed How even empty trigger increases redo generation, but running the test from that post, I have found that this behaviour a bit changed on 12.2:
In my old test case, values of column A were equal to values of B, and on previous oracle versions including we can see that even though “update … set B=A” doesn’t change really “B”, even (more...)

Adaptive serial direct path read decision ignores object statistics since 12.1

On versions – Oracle uses objects’ statistics to make direct path reads decision (of course, if “_direct_read_decision_statistics_driven” haven’t changed it to “false”), and we can force serial direct reads on statement level using sql profiles with hints INDEX_STATS/TABLES_STATS, but since at least this decision ignores statistics.

Btw, thanks to Jure Bratina, we know now, that we need to repeat hint TABLE_STATS at (more...)

Easy(lazy) way to check which programs have properly configured FetchSize

  ,ceil(max(s.rows_processed/s.fetches)) rows_per_fetch
from v$sql s
and s.executions    >1
and s.fetches       >1
and s.module is not null
and s.command_type  = 3    -- SELECTs only
and s.program_id    = 0    -- do not account recursive queries from stored procs
and s.parsing_schema_id!=0 -- <> SYS
group by s.module
order by rows_per_fetch desc nulls last

PL/SQL functions: Iterate and keys for associative arrays

Unfortunately associative arrays still require more “coding”:
we still can’t use “indices of” or “values of” in simple FOR(though they are available for FORALL for a long time), don’t have convinient iterators and even function to get all keys…
That’s why I want to show my templates for such things like iterator and keys function. You can adopt these functions and create them on schema level.

   type numbers  is table of number;
   type anumbers  (more...)

How to group connected elements (or pairs)

I see quite often when developers ask questions about connected components:

Table “MESSAGES” contains fields “SENDER” and “RECIPIENT”, which store clients id.
How to quickly get all groups of clients who are connected even through other clients if the table has X million rows?
So for this table, there should be 4 groups:
  • (1, 2, 4, 8, 16)
  • (3, 6, 12)
  • (5, 10, 20)
  • (7, 14)
  • (9, 18)
3 (more...)

Ampersand instead of colon for bind variables

I’ve troubleshooted one query today and I was very surprised that bind variables in this query were specified with &ampersand instead of :colon! I have never seen this before and I couldn’t find anything about this in documentation…
Unfortunately SQL*Plus doesn’t support ampersand yet, even if you disable define (“set define off”),
so I’ve tested such behaviour with this code:

set def off serverout on
exec declare s varchar2(1); begin execute immediate 'select  (more...)

Simple regexp to check that string contains word1 and word2 and doesn’t contain word3

with tst as (
  select 'qwe word1 asd ...............' s from dual
  union all
  select 'qwe word1 asd word2 .........' s from dual
  union all
  select 'qwe word1 asd word2 zxc word3' s from dual
  union all
  select 'qwe word2 asd word1 zxc word4' s from dual
  ,regexp_replace(s, '(word1)|(word2)|(word3)|(.)','`\3') subst
  ,case when regexp_like(regexp_replace(s, '(word1)|(word2)|(word3)|(.)','`\3') , '^`+$') then 'matched' end tst2
from tst
where 1=1
--and regexp_like(regexp_replace(s, '(word1)|(word2)|(word3)|(.)','`\3') , '^`+$')

Book advice: ORACLE SQL & PL/SQL Golden Diary by Asim Chowdhury

I’ve reviewed this book recently, and I highly recommend it as it has almost all that needed to become strong Oracle developer. You can check at least the table of contents:

ORACLE SQL & PL/SQL Golden Diary: by Asim Chowdhury
New Book Demystifies Complex Cross-Version Oracle Problem Solving

Compiled by veteran computer scientist and data modeler, Asim Chowdhury, ‘ORACLE SQL & PL/SQL Golden Diary: Refactoring, Interoperability of Versions & Integration of related concepts for High (more...)

SQL validation during PL/SQL compilation

A recent posting on SQL.RU asked why Oracle doesn’t raise such errors like “ORA-00979 not a group by expression” during PL/SQL compilation. Since I couldn’t find a link to the answer (though I read about it many years ago, but I don’t remember where…), I’ve decided to post short answer:

During PL/SQL compilation Oracle checks static SQL using only:

  1. Syntactic analysis – Oracle verifies that keywords, object names, operators, delimiters, and so on are (more...)

Intra-block row chaining optimization in 12.2

I’ve wrote in previous post

4. Next row piece can be stored in the same block only with inserts. When you run update, oracle will place new row piece into another block.

But it’s not valid anymore 🙂 Since 12.2 Oracle optimizes updates too.
You can check it on 12.2 and previous version using example 4 from previous post:

Test 4

drop table test purge;
set serverout on
alter session set tracefile_identifier='test4';