Can You Say That An Oracle Database is nn% secure?

I often get this type of question from customers and also from people I speak to and even a few times by email. The question is "can you tell us how secure our database is?", is it 10% secure, is....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 23/03/17 At 03:22 PM

PFCLScan – A Security Scanner For Oracle Databases – New Website

Our software product PFCLScan can be used to assess your Oracle databases for security issues that could make your data vulnerable to loss or attack. PFCLScan initially had its own website, but since the restyle and redesign of our....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 22/03/17 At 08:24 PM

Integrigy Collaborate17 Schedule – Nine Presentations on Oracle, E-Business Suite and PeopleSoft Security

Integrigy is presenting nine (9) papers this year at Collaborate17 ( Below is our schedule. If you have questions, or would like to meet with us while at Collaborate17, please conact us at

Sunday Apr 02, 2017

1:45 PM     2:45 PM

Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 Security Enhancements

Banyan E

Speaker: Stephen Kost

1:45 PM     2:45 PM

How to Control and Secure Your DBAs and Developers (more...)

PeopleSoft Security

This is a quick summary of Integrigy’s latest research on PeopleSoft. Was sending this to a client and decided it was a good posting:

Guide to PeopleSoft Logging and Auditing

How to Control and Secure PeopleSoft DBAs and Developers

PeopleSoft Database Security

PeopleSoft Database Security Webinar

PeopleSoft Database Secure Baseline Configuration

PeopleSoft Security Quick Reference

If you have any questions, please contact us at


Oracle PeopleSoft, Whitepaper

Deploying Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 REST Web Services

This is the forth posting in a blog series summarizing the new Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 Mobile and web services functionality and recommendations for securing them.

Physically deploying REST services with 12.2 is straightforward. REST is an architectural style and not a protocol and is best used to support lightweight and “chatty” interfaces such as Mobile applications.  With 12.2, REST Web Application Description Language (WADL) interface definition files are generated within (more...)

Validating The Length Of An Oracle Database Hashed password?

Q: Can I validate the length of a password in the Oracle database from the password hash? I have been asked this question a number of times over the years. Even someone emailed me to confirm the answer to this....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 15/03/17 At 07:52 PM

Default Password Hashes for 11g Oracle Database

I often get Oracle Security related questions from people randomly sent to my inbox or occasionally on Social media and less on on this sites forum. I get questions on average probably 4 times per week in these ways. I....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 14/03/17 At 06:16 PM

Deploying Oracle E-Business Suite Web Services

This is the third posting in a blog series summarizing the new Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 Mobile and web services functionality and recommendations for securing them.

Web services are physically deployed differently depending on whether they are defined using Representational State Transfer (REST) or Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP).  Logically, however, both REST and SOAP web services are deployed from within the Integrated SOA Gateway (ISG). Refer to the E-Business Suite’s documentation for (more...)

Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 Mobile and Web Services Architecture

This is the second posting in a blog series summarizing the new Oracle E-Business Suite 12.2 Mobile and web services functionality and recommendations for securing them.

Approximately 2,900 web services are created with an update to or installation of 12.2 and are defined in the table APPLSYS.FND_IREP_CLASSES. Within the Oracle E-Business Suite’s user interface, the Integrated SOA Gateway (ISG) module is used to deploy the web services defined in APPLSYS.FND_IREP_CLASSES. Key (more...)

12.2 is Available For Download For Linux And Solaris

The Oracle database 12.2 has been available on the cloud for some time but it has not been available for download so that you can install it on your own servers or virtual Machines. You can download from OTN or....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 02/03/17 At 09:10 AM

Delete from AUD$

We have been working on a new audit trail toolkit / product for some time now which is called PFCLATK - The PFCL means "P"ete"F"innigan."C"om "L"imited so most of our tools products end up with a consistent name starting PFCL....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 28/02/17 At 01:06 PM

Oracle E-Business Suite Mobile and Web Services Security – What You Need To Know

Securing packaged software such as the Oracle E-Business Suite presents different challenges than securing bespoke custom software. Unlike custom software, both the structure of and the security vulnerabilities of the Oracle E-Business Suite are well known and documented, not only to users but also to threat actors.  To begin an attack, limited probing and/or reconnaissance is needed because threat actors know exactly what to target and what to expect.  This also makes the (more...)

Fourteenth Anniversary For Limited And New Website

Wow, has it really been fourteen years since I started Limited? - Time has gone so fast and business is getting better and better. We have great customers, great Oracle Security trainings and consulting projects meeting new people and....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 23/02/17 At 06:33 PM

Oracle Database and New CPU End Dates

With the upcoming on-premise release of Oracle Database, Oracle has updated the Critical Patch Update (CPU) security patch end dates for and  Currently (as of January 2017), only and are supported for CPUs.

The CPU end-dates, which correspond with the end of Extended Support, have been extended to October 2020 for 11.2.0. (more...)

Oracle E-Business Suite: 250 Security Vulnerabilities Fixed in the Last Year

Oracle has fixed 250 security vulnerabilities in the Oracle E-Business Suite from January 2016 to January 2017.  The past five Oracle Critical Update Updates (CPU) have included double or triple digit number of fixes for Oracle E-Business Suite.  Almost all these security vulnerabilities are exploitable in all versions of Oracle E-Business Suite including 11i, 12.0, 12.1, and 12.2.  Many of the 250 security vulnerabilities fixed are high risk vulnerabilities (more...)

Oracle E-Business Suite 11i – Critical Patch Updates Extended for Tier 1 Support

As of December 2016, Oracle has extended Critical Patch Update (CPU) support for Oracle E-Business Suite 11.5.10 until October 2017 for additional fee Tier 1 support/Advanced Contract Support (ACS) customers.  Starting with the April 2016 Critical Patch Update (CPU), Oracle E-Business Suite 11.5.10 CPU patches are only available for customers with Tier 1/ACS support contracts.  See My Oracle Support Note ID 1596629.1 for more information.

Almost all security (more...)

Two New Oracle Security Public Class Dates

I will be teaching two of my Oracle Security classes with Oracle University soon. The first is my class "Securing and Locking Down Oracle Databases". This class will be taught on the 24th January on-line via the Oracle LVC platform....[Read More]

Posted by Pete On 12/01/17 At 02:47 PM

Oracle Discoverer Security Alert – High impact to SOX Compliance and Financial Reporting

For those clients using Oracle Discoverer, especially those using Discoverer with the Oracle E-Business Suite for financial reporting, the October 2016 Oracle Critical Patch Update (CPU) include a high-risk vulnerability reported by Integrigy Corporation. CVE-2016-5495 is a vulnerability with the Discoverer EUL Code and Schema and has a base score 7.5. Integrigy believes this vulnerability affects all versions of Discoverer used with the Oracle E-Business Suite and that the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of (more...)

Oracle E-Business Suite 11i – October 2016 is Last Critical Patch Update

Starting with the April 2016 Critical Patch Update (CPU), Oracle E-Business Suite 11.5.10 CPU patches are only available for customers with additional fee Tier 1 support contracts.  As of December 2016, no more CPU patches are available for Oracle E-Business Suite 11i.  October 2016 is the last CPU patch for Oracle E-Business Suite 11i.  For 12.0, the last CPU patch was October 2015.

Even though there are no more (more...)

Oracle Database Critical Patch Update October 2016: and Only

The list of Oracle Database versions supported for Critical Patch Updates (CPU) is getting shorter and shorter.  Starting with the October 2016 CPU, only and are supported.  In order to apply CPU security patches for all other Oracle versions, the database must be upgraded to or  As these are terminal database releases, the final CPU patch (more...)