Exadata Shellshock: IB Switches Vulnerable

Andy Colvin has the lowdown on the Oracle response and fixes for the bash shellshock vulnerability.

However, when I last looked it seemed Oracle had not discussed anything regarding the IB switches being vulnerable.

The IB switches have bash running on them and Oracle have verified the IB switches are indeed vulnerable.

[root@dm01dbadm01 ~]# ssh

root@'s password:

Last login: Tue Sep 30 22:46:41 2014 from dm01dbadm01.e-dba.com


Exadata and Bash Shellshock

There has recently been a lot of news about the exploit revealed in the bash shell.  While the fix is very quick to implement, there are a couple of tricks that are required to install this update on an Exadata environment.  According to Oracle support note #1405320.1, Exadata storage server versions 11.2.3.x.x and 12.1.1.x.x are susceptible to the exploit.  On a typical Oracle Enterprise Linux, a simple (more...)

Exadata: What’s Coming

This is based on the presentation Juan Loaiza gave regarding What’s new with Exadata. While a large part of the presentation focussed on what was already available, there are quite a few interesting new features that are coming down the road.

First of was a brief mention of the hardware. I’m less excited about this. The X4 has plenty of the hardware that you could want: CPU, memory and flash. You’d expect some or all (more...)

Clobbering grub.conf is Bad

I’m sharing this in the hope of saving someone from an unwelcome surprise.


I recent upgraded an Exadata system from to Apart from what turns out to be a known bug[1] that resulted in the patching of the InfiniBand switches “failing”, it all seemed to go without a snag. That’s until I decided to do some node failure testing…

Having forced a node (more...)

The point of predicate pushdown

Oracle is announcing today what it’s calling “Oracle Big Data SQL”. As usual, I haven’t been briefed, but highlights seem to include:

  • Oracle Big Data SQL is basically data federation using the External Tables capability of the Oracle DBMS.
  • Unlike independent products — e.g. Cirro — Oracle Big Data SQL federates SQL queries only across Oracle offerings, such as the Oracle DBMS, the Oracle NoSQL offering, or Oracle’s Cloudera-based Hadoop appliance.
  • Also unlike independent (more...)

21st Century DBMS success and failure

As part of my series on the keys to and likelihood of success, I outlined some examples from the DBMS industry. The list turned out too long for a single post, so I split it up by millennia. The part on 20th Century DBMS success and failure went up Friday; in this one I’ll cover more recent events, organized in line with the original overview post. Categories addressed will include analytic RDBMS (including data (more...)

Inserts on HCC tables

There are already a lot of blogposts and presentations done about Hybrid Columnar Compression and i am adding one more blogpost to that list. Recently i was doing some small tests one HCC and noticed that that inserts on a HCC row didn’t got compressed and yes i was using direct path loads:

DBA@TEST1> create table hcc_me (text1 varchar2(4000)) compress for archive high;

Table created.

KJJ@TEST1> insert /*+ append */ into hcc_me select dbms_random.string('x',100)  (more...)

The Step-by-Step Guide to Migrating to an Exadata Database Machine

We have migrated a number of our databases from non-Exadata servers to the Exadata Database Machine using the “RMAN 11g Duplicate standby from Active database” method. After creating a Dataguard Database, during a narrow maintenance window, we performed a failover of the database to the one Exadata Database Machines in the cluster. Below are the […]

The post The Step-by-Step Guide to Migrating to an Exadata Database Machine appeared first on VitalSoftTech.

Database Shutdown With crsctl

I noticed something for the first time tonight when I was playing around in the Enkitec lab – something that I have been doing wrong for a while.  When working in the lab, I often rely on the crsctl command to shut down the entire cluster stack for me.  It’s really easy to use “crsctl stop cluster -all” followed by “dcli -l root -g ~/dbs_group /u01/app/ stop crs” to get everything down (more...)

Cellcli can lie to you…

Yes that is true, i said it, cellcli can lie to you there are some special cases were the output of cellcli is not the reality and you should double check it’s output with your standard OS tools. So this the output if dcli calling cellcli on an Exadata rack from an client:

[root@dm01db01 ~]# dcli -g cell_group -l root cellcli -e list cell attributes cellsrvStatus,msStatus,rsStatus
dm01cel01: running       running         running
dm01cel02: running       running         running
dm01cel03:  (more...)

SCAN VIP Troubleshooting

We had a client that was running into a strange issue on their Exadata where new connections coming in through the SCAN were failing.  After doing some troubleshooting, it was discovered that it was related to one of the SCAN listeners not properly accepting requests from new sessions.  The VIP and listener were running, and everything looked normal.

We had the following SCAN setup:

2 (more...)

Troubleshooting Oracle DBFS mount issues

On Exadata the local drives on the compute nodes are not big enough to allow larger exports and often dbfs is configured. In my case I had a 1.2 TB dbfs file system mounted under /dbfs_direct/.

While I was doing some exports yesterday I found that my dbfs wasn’t mounted, running quick crsctl command to bring it online failed:

[oracle@exadb01 ~]$ crsctl start resource dbfs_mount -n exadb01
 CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'dbfs_mount' on 'exadb01'

Kdump to NFS in UEK (Solution)

I’ve previously written about a problem I encountered when kdump is configured to write to an NFS location with UEK (in Exadata software version I’m please to report that the root cause of the problem has been identified and there is a very simple workaround.

There were some frustrating times working this particular SR, the most notable being a response that was effectively, “It works for me (and so I’ll (more...)

Using SSD for a temp tablespace on Exadata

I seem to be getting a lot of surprising performance results lately on our X-2 quarter rack Exadata system, which is good – the result you don’t expect is the one that teaches you something new.

This time, I was looking at using a temporary tablespace based on flash disks (more...)

Exadata Storage Server Version Released

Oracle has released the much-anticipated version of cellsrv compatible with Oracle Database (patch #16980054). Before thinking about upgrading, read MOS note #1571789.1 carefully.  Unless you are planning to run database 12c on your Exadata, it would be advisable to continue down the 11.2 branch (more...)

Oracle Announces Exadata X4-2

Today, Oracle announced the Exadata X4-2 model.  The X4 has some considerable improvements, namely:

  • 12-core Intel Xeon e5-2697 CPUs, up from the 8-core models found in the X3-2 (hello, database licenses!)
  • 256GB RAM per database server, upgradeable to 512GB
  • 96GB RAM per storage server
  • 800GB Sun Flash F80 cards (more...)

Exadata MAA Presentation – Oracle Day 2013 Istanbul

Exadata Maximum Availability Architecture from Yunus Emre Baransel

Kdump to NFS Broken in UEK

There were problems that affected UEK and NFS when was initially released (as covered by Andy Colvin). As mentioned in the comments of Andy’s post: Oracle released an updated ISO with fixes for this problem (patch 16432033).

There were also problems with kdump not (more...)

Info about Exadata’s imageinfo and rpm’s

Recently we noticed that imageinfo was displaying the following information at a customers site. Imageinfo was not displaying data i suspected, so a quick little blogpost about what was going on there.

[root@dm01db01 ~]# dcli -g /opt/oracle.SupportTools/onecommand/dbs_group -l root "imageinfo | grep 'Image version'"
dm01db01: Image version: 11.2. (more...)

Redo on SSD: effect of redo size (Exadata)

Of all the claims I make about SSD for Oracle databases, the one that generates the most debate is that placing redo logs on SSD is not likely to be effective.  I’ve published data to that effect in particular see  Using SSD for redo on Exadata - pt 2 (more...)