Global variable wsrep_OSU_method=RSU ignored on MariaDB Galera Cluster 10.0.32

Galera Cluster is great solution for application clustering but it has some limitations. One of the most critical limitations is how Galera Cluster performs model changes.

From Galera Cluster documentation:
What’s happening is a side effect of a multi-master cluster with several appliers. 
The cluster needs to control when a DDL statement ends in relation to other transactions,
in order to deterministically detect conflicts and schedule parallel appliers.
Effectively, the DDL statement (more...)

Using Spark to join data from CSV and MySQL Table

Yesterday, I explained how we can access MySQL database from Zeppelin which comes with Oracle Big Data Cloud Service Compute Edition (BDCSCE). Although we can use Zeppelin to access MySQL, we still need something more powerful to combine data from two different sources (for example data from CSV file and RDBMS tables). Spark is a great choice to process data. In this blog post, I’ll write a simple PySpark (Python for Spark) code which will (more...)

Using Zeppelin to Access MySQL

If you want to access MySQL Cloud Service using Zeppelin of Oracle Big Data Cloud Service Compute Edition (BDCSCE), you can use Spark DataFrames or Zeppelin interpreters. In this blog post, I’ll show how we can edit JDBC interpreter to connect MySQL Cloud Service.

First login to Oracle Big Data Cloud console, and go to “settings” tab, and open “notebook” section. You’ll see the interpreter settings. Search for “jdbc” and click “edit” button to edit (more...)

Optimizer Strategien für Subqueries für Oracle, Postgres und MySQL

Chris Antognini hat in seinem Blog eine sehr spannende Untersuchung zur Frage durchgeführt: wie gut kommen die Optimizer unterschiedlicher RDBMS mit relativ einfachen Subqueries klar? In der umfangreichen Untersuchung betrachtet er sechs unterschiedliche Subquery-Typen:
  • Scalar subqueries with equality predicate
  • Scalar subqueries with inequality predicate
  • Uncorrelated subqueries with either IN or EXISTS
  • Uncorrelated subqueries with either NOT IN or NOT EXISTS
  • Correlated subqueries with either IN or EXISTS
  • Correlated subqueries with either NOT IN or NOT (more...)

How Well a Query Optimizer Handles Subqueries?

At the beginning of December, at the UKOUG Tech17 conference in Birmingham (GB), I presented a comparison of the query optimizers of MySQL 8.0.3 and PostgreSQL 10.1. One of the things I talked about is their ability to handle subqueries. I summarized my findings with the following sentence:

Simple sub-queries that are not correctly optimized were observed.

It goes without saying that such a sentence leaves a lot of questions open. After (more...)

How to make dashboard using PostgreSQL database

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system. It has more than 15 years of active development and a proven architecture that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, data integrity, and correctness. It runs on all major operating systems, including Linux, UNIX (AIX, BSD, HP-UX, SGI IRIX, macOS, Solaris, Tru64), and Windows.

Are you using PostgreSQL for your data marts or data-warehouse? If so, build your Free PostgreSQL performance dashboard software.

Read (more...)

How to create dashboard for MySQL database

MySQL is the most popular Open Source SQL database management system. Due to its reliability and easy-to-use structure, MySQL is widely used within almost any industry. It is used by both small and big businesses. Among MySQL users you can find such huge companies like Facebook, Youtube, Twitter,etc.

Using MySQL with InfoCaptor does not require any JDBC driver as it uses native PHP drivers. In case you need to use JDBC drivers, please check this (more...)

Oracle Week 2017: Docker Concepts for Oracle/MySQL DBAs and DevOps (slides)

Oracle Week in Israel is a reason for celebration. Every year (and for the past 24 years), between a 1500 and 2000 Oracle professional are gathered for a 5 days conference on Oracle related educational topics. Each day is a full-day seminar on a specific topic – 9am to 4:30pm talking about something related to Oracle technologies. This year, I had 4 full-day back-to-back seminars – which is way more than the average speaker. Some (more...)

Beware of intensive slow query logging when using – log_queries_not_using_indexes

MySQL slow query log is great for identifying slow queries that are good candidates for optimisation. Slow query logging is disabled by default, but it is activated by DBA's or developers on most environments.

You can use slow query log to record all the traffic but be careful with this action as logging all traffic could be very I/O intensive and could have negative impact on general performance. It is recommended to record all traffic (more...)

Delete large amounts of data on Galera Cluster using pt-archiver

Galera Cluster is excellent virtually synchronous multi-master database cluster. It has many benefits which you can check on GaleraCluster.
But beside benefits it has some limitations and one of them is handling large transactions.

Large replication data sets could degrade performance of whole cluster causing cluster freezing, increased memory consumption, crashing nodes, etc. To avoid this issues it is recommended to split large transactions into smaller chunks.

In this post I want to show you (more...)

Identity Columns Compared

It’s interesting to see the way different databases implement automatic numbering. Oracle Database 12c is the closest to PostgreSQL in some significant ways. However, its probably more accurate to say Oracle Database 12c copied PostgreSQL’s implementation. At least, that’s my conjecture because Oracle added a way to reset the START WITH value of the indirect sequence. However, I prefer the MySQL approach because the automatic numbering sequence is a property of the table and a (more...)

Wanted: RDBMS superpower summary for app developers

At last night's WWCode Cincinnati panel, I recommended that developers talk to their DBA about what advanced capabilities their RDBMS can offer, so that they don't end up reimplementing functionality in the app that are already available (better and more efficiently) in the database itself. Devs can waste a lot of effort by thinking of databases as dumb, inert data boxes.

I was asked an excellent question: "Where can a dev quickly familiarize herself with (more...)

Couchbase 4.0 and related subjects

I last wrote about Couchbase in November, 2012, around the time of Couchbase 2.0. One of the many new features I mentioned then was secondary indexing. Ravi Mayuram just checked in to tell me about Couchbase 4.0. One of the important new features he mentioned was what I think he said was Couchbase’s “first version” of secondary indexing. Obviously, I’m confused.

Now that you’re duly warned, let me remind you of aspects of (more...)

Confusion and problems with lost+found directory in MySQL/Galera cluster configuration

The lost+found directory is filesystem directory created at root level of mounted drive for ext file systems. It is used by file system check tools (fsck) for file recoveries.

In MySql world it can cause confusion or possible problems with synchronisation in Galera cluster configuration.

Let’s check some examples.

I have MySQL database with datadir=/data in configuration file. I have deleted lost+found directory and restarted MySQL service.

When I list my databases this is result:


Test MySQL on AWS quickly

Using sysbench to performance test AWS RDS MySQL hardware is an easy three step  operation. 

Sysbench creates synthetic tests and they are done on a 1 mil row 'sbtest' table that sysbench creates in the MySQL database you indicate. The test doesn't intrude with your database schema, and it doesn't use your data, so it is quite safe. The test is an OLTP test trying to simulate event operations in the database as it (more...)

MariaDB – Measure Replicaton Lag and Check / Fix Replication Inconsistencies using Percona tools

Percona Toolkit is collection of command-line tools to perform many MySQL tasks like creating backups, finding duplicate indexes, managing replication, etc.

In this post I will talk about how to measure replication lag and check/fix replication inconsistencies with this tools:

I am using environment from previous blog post.
Master-Master replication with MariaDB 10.0.16 database on Debian 7.

Install Percona Toolkit on both nodes:

$ sudo wget

$ (more...)

MariaDB(MySQL) Master-Master Replication

The simplest and probably most common replication method is master-slave replication. Basically, data is replicated from master database to the slave. In case of master database failure you must get the slave database up-to-date before failover and then promote slave to be new master.

Another method is to set up replication in both directions called master-master replication. But you must be aware that this setup brings some potential issues as data changes are happening on (more...)

MySQL Locking

Have you ever wondered if MySQL does Row Level Locking? Or wondered why are you getting the error:

ERROR 1205 (HY000) : Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

You get the error because your allocated time to hold a DML lock in a transaction exceeds the set limit. Usually the default limit to hold a DML row lock, set by innodb_lock_wait_timeout db parameter, is 50 seconds. If your transaction doesn't commit/rollback within 50 seconds (more...)

Thoughts and notes, Thanksgiving weekend 2014

I’m taking a few weeks defocused from work, as a kind of grandpaternity leave. That said, the venue for my Dances of Infant Calming is a small-but-nice apartment in San Francisco, so a certain amount of thinking about tech industries is inevitable. I even found time last Tuesday to meet or speak with my clients at WibiData, MemSQL, Cloudera, Citus Data, and MongoDB. And thus:

1. I’ve been sloppy in my terminology around “geo-distribution”, in (more...)


I've never had a tool I really liked that would extract a chunk of a large production database for testing purposes while respecting the database's foreign keys. This past week I finally got to write one: rdbms-subsetter.

rdbms-subsetter postgresql://user:passwd@host/source_db postgresql://user:passwd@host/excerpted_db 0.001

Getting it to respect referential integrity "upward" - guaranteeing every needed parent record would be included for each child row - took less than a day. Trying to get it to also guarantee (more...)