Misleading ORA- Message

Oracle error messages are more or less the best in the industry but time-to-time they saddle you with a bad or misleading message. For example, I was running one of the code modules from my Oracle Database 12c PL/SQL Programming book for a class exercise and got this error message:

BEGIN
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-22288: file or LOB operation  failed
ORA-06512: at "STUDENT.LOAD_CLOB_FROM_FILE", line 71
ORA-06512: at line 11

Oddly enough, it (more...)

Oracle Error Bash f(x)

My students always struggle initially with basic Linux skills. I wrote little function for their .bashrc file to help them avoid the frustration. It finds and displays all errors by file name, line number and error message for a collection of log files in a single directory (or folder).

errors()
{
  # Determine if any log files exist and check for errors.
  label="File Name:Line Number:Error Code"
  list=`ls ./*.$1 | wc -l`
  if [[ $list}  (more...)

Create Oracle User

After you create and provision the Oracle Database 11g XE, you create an instance with the following two step process.

  1. Create a student Oracle user account with the following command:

    CREATE USER student IDENTIFIED BY student
    DEFAULT TABLESPACE users QUOTA 200M ON users
    TEMPORARY TABLESPACE temp;
    

  2. Grant necessary privileges to the newly created student user:

    GRANT CREATE cluster, CREATE indextype, CREATE operator
    ,     CREATE PROCEDURE, CREATE SEQUENCE, CREATE SESSION
    ,     CREATE TABLE, CREATE TRIGGER, CREATE  (more...)

Online Redo Log Switch Frequency Map

A query I find myself often running is the online redo log switch frequency map query, which queries the v$log_history/gv$log_history (for cluster databases) view and show the historical log switch frequency.

Why you might ask? Well it’s important to see how frequent log switches are occurring as Oracle’s rule of thumb is to not switch more then 3 logs per hour (20 minutes of redo) at peak DML activity to prevent excessive checkpoints.  The (more...)

RMAN Incremental Updating Backup & Demo Part 1

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Incremental Updating Backup

An incremental updating backup is a level 0 incremental backup which is recovered using level 1 incremental backups.  This avoids the overhead of taking level 0 incremental backups, for example in a backup strategy where a level 0 is taken every Sunday and all other days level 1.

An simple example would be, an (more...)

RMAN Incremental Differential vs Cumulative & Demo

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Differential Incremental Backups (default)

A differential incremental backup, backs up all the blocks that have changed after the most recent incremental backup, which can be either level 1 or 0.

RMAN determines which is the most recent level 1 backup and then backs up all the blocks changed after that backup, if no level 1 then all the (more...)

RMAN Incremental with Block Change Tracking & Demo

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Block Change Tracking

Block change tracking (BCT) improves incremental backup performance by recording the changed blocks in each datafile in the block change tracking file, thus avoiding the need to scan every block in the datafile for changes.  Only applicable for level 1 backups.  Block change tracking file is 1/30,000 the size of the data blocks being tracked, (more...)

RMAN Incremental & Demo Part 2 (Level 1)

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Incremental Backup

An incremental backup only backup up those data blocks that have changed since the last backup.

Types of Incremental Backups

There are 2 types of Incremental Backups:

  1. Level 0 are a base for subsequent backups.  Copies all blocks containing data similar to a full backup, with the only difference that full backups are never included (more...)

RMAN Incremental & Demo Part 1 (Level 0)

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Incremental Backup

An incremental backup only backup up those data blocks that have changed since the last backup.

Types of Incremental Backups

There are 2 types of Incremental Backups:

  1. Level 0 are a base for subsequent backups.  Copies all blocks containing data similar to a full backup, with the only difference that full backups are never included (more...)

RMAN Image Copy & Demo

This blog post is part of the “RMAN Back to Basics” series, which can be found here.

Image Copy

An Image copy backup are exact copies of the datafiles including the free space.  They are not stored in RMAN backup pieces but as actual datafiles, therefore are a bit-for-bit copy.

Image Copy Demo

We take an image copy backup using my script 4_image_copy.sh:

[oracle@dc1sbxdb001 demo]$ ./4_image_copy.sh 
-----------------------
Step 1: Set environment
 (more...)

JSON, BLOB column and Check Constraint

Last week I attended Neil Chandler's session on JSON during the POUG conference in beautiful Sopot, Poland.
The JSON Developer's Guide recommends using BLOB for storing data, and this is what Neil also recommended.
I was under the (FALSE!) impression that it was not possible to put an IS JSON check constraint on a BLOB column, simply because I tried once and got an exception. After the session I asked Neil if this was (more...)

Video: Oracle X$TRACE, Wait Event Internals and Background Process Communication

I have uploaded the the video of my Secret Hacking Session: Oracle X$TRACE, Wait Event Internals and Background Process Communication to my Oracle performance & troubleshooting Youtube channel.

The slides are in Slideshare.

Enjoy!

 

NB! I am running one more Advanced Oracle Troubleshooting training in 2018! You can attend the live online training and can download personal video recordings too. The Part 1 starts on 29th January 2018 - sign up here!

ORA-00240: control file enqueue held for more than 120 seconds 12c

Occasionally, In Oracle 12c database, you may get ORA-00240: control file enqueue held for more than 120 seconds  error in the alert log file.


Well, as this error contains the word control file so it looks scary but if you are getting it infrequently and the instance stays up and running then there is no need to worry and this can be ignored as a fleeting glitch.

But if it starts happening too often and worst (more...)

Advanced Oracle Troubleshooting seminar in 2018!

A lot of people have asked me to do another run of my Advanced Oracle Troubleshooting training or at least get access to previous recordings – so I decided to geek out over the holiday period, update the material with latest stuff and run one more AOT class in 2018!

The online training will take place on 29 January – 2 February 2018 (Part 1) & 26 February – 2 March 2018 (Part 2).

The (more...)

Oracle Installer fails with [EXCEPTION]:java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException under RedHat 7.4

I recently had a customer with a fresh installed RedHat 7.4 system on which we wanted to install different Oracle Software in graphical mode, like Oracle Database 12.1.0.2.0, Oracle WebLogic Server 12.2.13.0 and Oracle Data Integrator 12.2.1.3.0.

Following error occured when we were starting the Oracle Installers, either runInstaller or java -jar fmw_12.2.1.3.0_odi.jar:

export JAVA_HOME=/u00/app/oracle/product/jdk1.8.0_131
export (more...)

Good old BIN_TO_NUM to check the overall status

A good while ago Chris Saxon, member of the AskTom answer team, asked on twitter which datatype you use when defining tables when you need a Boolean-representation. As you might know there is no Boolean datatype in SQL.
A lot of discussion followed which I'm not going to repeat.
Usually I use a VARCHAR2(1) with a check constraint for Y and N, but for a recent requirement I decided to use a NUMBER instead.

(more...)

Book on Oracle 12c New features

A Book on Oracle 12c New features for administrators

Hi All,

It’s our pleasure to announce the availability of our first book – OCP 12c upgrade 1Z0-060 Exam Guide

 

51xr2hzj5ql

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The book covers the new features of the Oracle Database 12c for the DBAs from the OCP 12c upgrade exam standpoint. Book is available WW in kindle format as well as paperback.

Link to Amazon.com (more...)

RegExp: Constraint to prevent spaces at the beginning or end.

Even though a space is a regular character, the client didn't want spaces at the beginning or end of a string. Any spaces in the middle were fine.
Of course this could be handled by the application, but it must also be implemented in the database. Using a check constraint with a regular expression will prevent the end user from entering unwanted data.

To try things out, let's just start with a simple table with (more...)

Oracle 12c Learning Series: Automatic Table Recovery Using RMAN

Table recovery was possible in earlier release as well. Until previous release, if we wanted to recover a table, we had following options

  • Database point in time recovery (DBPITR)
  • Tablespace point in time recovery (TSPITR)
  • Flashback technology

In Oracle 12c, RMAN has been enhanced to perform recovery of table. We have a new command in RMAN which automates complete process of recovering the table. New process does not affect the existing objects in the database (more...)

Oracle 12c Learning Series: In-database Archiving and Temporal Validity

One of the major challenge faced by an Oracle DBA is – how to effectively deal with historical data? Today, if we consider database tables for an enterprise, data in the table goes back several years and most of the data in the table is inactive. Challenge remains as to how to archive this data and make our query run efficiently.

If we choose to archive old data outside of database on a tape, cost (more...)