Happy New Year!
Oracle supplied various tools to trace the SQL and identify execution plans for the SQLs. 10046 Event, AUTOTRACE, DBMS.XPLAN etc are some of the most used tracing methods in DBAs daily life. Sometimes, we need to be very careful while using these tools specially using bind variables. Following are some test cases where wrong plans reported by the above tracing tools.
Most easiest method to get (more...)
First things first: Thou shalt not explicitly set AQ_TM_PROCESSES=0 ! Unless, of course, you want to disable the Queue Manager Process (QMNC in Oracle 11.x). Which you may want to do during database upgrades to prevent Streams or Advanced Queueing from interfering with the upgrade process. However, if you don’t reset this parameter afterwards, you might run […]
APPEND hint in oracle is very useful, there are many benefits
Fragmented data loading – data will clustered above the HWM so that similar data will be together. Otherwise Oracle will place the records in blocks using PCT_FREE rule
- No undo will be generated – in large direct path insert will free up large amount of data blocks
- Less CBC latches (because of no UNDO blocks), less CPU usage
- Readers need not undo the records, (more...)
This post is about tracing logical and physical reads in Oracle using systemtap. You will find a few examples illustrating the main mechanisms used by Oracle to do physical and logical I/O and you will learn how to build systemtap scripts to further explore and troubleshoot Oracle I/O.Introduction:
Performing input/output to and from the storage media, i.e. physical I/O, is one of the critical tasks underlying all database engines. When accessing data (more...)
There have been rumblings from the HPC community indicating a general suspicion of and disdain for Big Data technology which would lead one to believe that whatever Google, Facebook and Twitter do with their supercomputers is not important enough to warrant seriousness—that social supercomputing is simply not worthy. A little of this emotion seems to […]
This post is about using SystemTap
for investigating and troubleshooting Oracle RDBMS. In particular you will learn how to probe Oracle
processes and their userspace
functions. These techniques aim to be useful
as well as fun
to learn for those keen into peeking under the hood
of the technology and improve
their effectiveness in troubleshooting and performance
is a very powerful technique that can be used to complement the available (more...)
When trying to understand why the optimiser might choose not to use an index to read rows from a table, I find the following diagram helpful.
The axis along the bottom represents the selectivity of the query (0% being no rows selected, 100% being all rows selected), and the axis up the side represents the cost of the chosen operation (more costly = more work to do).
When reading from a table without using an (more...)
Here is a step-by-step analysis of the deadlock which occurs due to unindexed foreign keys. This analysis was performed on Oracle XE 18.104.22.168 – results may vary on other versions.
A typical deadlock graph arising from an unindexed foreign key is as follows.
Resource Name process session holds waits process session holds waits
TM-0000508a-00000000 27 101 SX 28 12 SSX
TX-00090013-0000019b 28 12 X 27 101 S
This type of (more...)
I have been investigating “enq: TM – contention” wait events, which are almost certainly due to un-indexed foreign keys. One such extreme example which showed up in a Statspack report is as follows :
Counting the number of distinct values (NDV
) for a table column has important
applications in the database domain, ranging from query optimization to optimizing reports for large data warehouses. However the legacy
SQL method of using SELECT COUNT (DISTINCT <COL>) can be very slow
. This is a well known problem and Oracle 22.214.171.124 provides a new function APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT implemented with a new-generation algorithm to address this issue by providing (more...)
One of the great things about working in IT is that you can often win an argument simply by being right. Not because of who you are or because you are more eloquent than others, but because the facts support your position. Almost every IT person I have ever met respects facts.
In order to win arguments this way, you of course need some facts to work with. And that’s where too many people fail. (more...)
It's been a while since I provided any public updates regarding Simora, our Oracle workload simulation product. It's finally time to unveil the status of Simora and our steps moving forwards. We have been working extensively on the Simora engine and infrastructure over the last several months, with a view to transforming it into a […]
This post is a hands-on introduction to using on-CPU Flame Graphs for investigating Oracle workloads. This technique is about collecting and analyzing sampled stack trace data to analyze and troubleshoot Oracle processes at the OS level (in particular applied to Linux).Motivations:
The techniques and tools described here can be used for performance investigations
to complement wait-event based information gathered from the Oracle engine, such as information available with ASH and sql monitoring. They (more...)
This blog entry is about investigating Oracle's DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.CALIBRATE_IOSpoiler:
If you have reached this article in search of a tool for quantitative analysis of storage performance and in particular for measuring random read I/O in Oracle, I'd rather advise you to use tools that allow generating test workloads in a controlled manner, in a way that can be understood and measured and in particular with latency details together with IOPS measurements. For example (more...)
This post introduces the latest changes to OraLatencyMap and PyLatencyMap, two custom tools for collecting and displaying Oracle wait event latency details using heatmaps.OraLatencyMap
is a SQL*Plus tool, with a core written in PL/SQL, aimed at studying Oracle random I/O by displaying the latency drill-down of the wait event 'db file sequential read' using heatmaps. The tool can also be used to collect and display event latency histograms for any other Oracle wait (more...)
For anyone running Windows 2008 (or above), you can simply add the “Command Line” column to the Task Manager view. From there, the instance name will follow the “-s” startup option, for example: C:\…\Binn\sqlservr.exe” –sPREPROD If you’re on Windows 2000/2003 then it’s not quite as straight forward. You can either get the Process ID from
Random thoughts on a Friday afternoon…
We’ve all got problems. More to the point, every IT department or team has problems of some kind. It’s why we hire consultants, buy products, start long and arduous journeys into the great unknown depths of root cause analysis, and so on.
What fascinates me is the level at which we come to identify with our problems. When I’ve gone into an environment to deliver recommendations, the conversation usually (more...)
Recently while observing AWR reports, I’ve seen a very good example of how average value hides important pattern.
Here is a Workload Comparison section from an AWR diff report (generated with $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/awrddrpt.sql):
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1st Per Sec 2nd Per Sec %Diff 1st Per Txn 2nd Per Txn %Diff
--------------- --------------- ------ --------------- --------------- ------
DB time: 0.6 0.6 1.6 0.0 0.0 -50.0
CPU time: 0.3 0. (more...)
I have learned something new today and this blog post will be (primary) reminder to myself. I am sure that most Oracle DBA’s or Developers are familiar with this trick - so please skip this post if you are one of them :)
My test table will have 1000000 rows with 1000 NULL values for “OBJECT_NAME” column.
Tests are performed on 11gR1 version.
select c.table_name, c.column_name, c.data_type, c.num_nulls,
When you execute an SQL – why there is a difference in Consistent gets on the same set of data for same SQL. For any SELECT query, oracle need to prepare the consistent data in the buffer cache using undo records then forward the data the requesting session as of a specific SCN. Touching any block in buffer cache to prepare the blocks for consistent data is known as Consistent Reads.
In an (more...)