Vor einiger Zeit habe ich in der Sektion database ideas bei OTN folgenden Wunsch geäußert: a string splitting function like SPLIT_PART in postgres. SPLIT_PART erhält als Argumente einen String und einen Delimiter, zerlegt den String an den Positionen der Delimiter-Zeichen in Substrings und liefert den n-ten Teilstring:
SELECT SPLIT_PART('A;B;C;D', ';', 2);
split_part ----------- B
Das ist sicherlich keine höhere Magie und kann in SQL auf verschiedenen Wegen erreicht werden (etwa durch den Einsatz regulärer Ausdrücke), (more...)
Guys, AIOUG is back again with OTN Yathra’ 2016. It is a series of technology evangelist events organized by All India Oracle Users Group in six cities touring across the length and breadth of the country. It was my extreme pleasure to be the part of it in 2015 and I’m pleased to announce that … Continue reading →
Here are some more principles which can help us design better programs. These principles aren't part of an organized theory, and they're aren't particularly related to any programming paradigm. But each is part of the canon, and each is about the relationship between a program's interface and its implementation.
When we talk about program design we're mainly talking about interface design. The interface is the part of our program that the users interact with. Normally discussion of UI focuses on GUI or UX, that is, the interface with the end user of our application.
But developers are users too.
Another developer writing a program which calls a routine in my program is a user of my code (and, I must remember, six months after (more...)
Ja, es ist richtig: meine Einträge hier werden in letzter Zeit kürzer und kürzer. Daran werde ich aber auch heute nichts ändern, denn eigentlich will ich gerade nur einen Link unterbringen: Steven Feuerstein listet in seinem Artikel Nine Good-to-Knows about PL/SQL Error Management- nun ja: neun interessante Punkte auf, die man beim Exception Handling in PL/SQL berücksichtigen sollte. Zu den wichtigsten Hinweisen gehören aus meiner Sicht:
"An exception raised does not automatically roll back (more...)
Oracle Database 12c enables enhanced security for extproc by authenticating it against a user-supplied credential. This new feature allows the creation of a user credential and links it with a PL/SQL library object. Whenever an application calls an external procedure, the extproc process authenticates the connection before loading the shared library. The DBMS_CREDENTIAL package is … Continue reading →
Recently I got involved in a question on Temporal Validity Periods together with Chris Saxon, one of the askTom-answer team.
The question was along the lines of: "What if I have a single start date but two possible end dates. One of the end dates is filled automatically by a background proces (could be a job) while the other one is to signal that the end date is set manually by the user. Could you (more...)
Designing PL/SQL Programs is a succession of articles published the articles in a nonlinear fashion. Eventually it will evolve into a coherent series. In the meantime this page serves as a map and navigation aid. I will add articles to it as and when I publish them.
These design principles may seem rather academic, so let's look at a real life demonstration of how applying Dependency Inversion Principle lead to an improved software design.
Here is a simplified version of an ETL framework which uses SQL Types in a similar fashion to the approach described in my blog post here. The loading process is defined using an abstract non-instantiable Type like this:
create or replace type load_t force as object ( txn_date (more...)
Rob C Martin actually defined eleven principles for OOP. The first five, the SOLID principles, relate to individual classes. The other six, the RCCASS principles, deal with the design of packages (in the C++ or Java sense, i.e. libraries). They are far less known than the first five. There are two reasons for this:
Unlike "SOLID", "RCCASS" is awkward to say and doesn't form a neat mnemonic.
PL/SQL programming standards tend to focus on layout (case of keywords, indentation, etc), naming conventions, and implementation details (such as use of cursors). These are all important things, but they don't address questions of design. How easy is it to use the written code? How easy is it to test? How easy will it be to maintain? Is it robust? Is it secure?
Simply put, there are no agreed design principles for PL/SQL. So it's (more...)
In a previous post I described a situation where the creation of an extension, independently of whether it’s carried out manually by a person or automatically by the database engine, can lead to the invalidation of PL/SQL objects. In this second post on that subject, I describe, with the help of an example (I love examples!) based on the extension_invalidate_pkg_remote.sql script, what can happen when the table on which the extension is created (more...)
For a procedure (or function) in a package, you can assign default values only in the package specifications without assigning them in the package body:
SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE test_default_pkg AS
PROCEDURE set_global (p_num IN NUMBER DEFAULT 1);
Package TEST_DEFAULT_PKG compiled
SQL> SHOW ERRORS;
SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY test_default_pkg AS
PROCEDURE set_global (p_num IN NUMBER) AS
Package body TEST_DEFAULT_PKG compiled
SQL> SHOW ERRORS;
Whenever you use PL/SQL in SQL statements, the Oracle engine needs to switch from doing SQL to doing PL/SQL, and switch back after it is done. Generally, this is called a “context switch”. This is an example of that:
-- A function that uses PL/SQL
create or replace function add_one( value number ) return number is
l_value number(10):= value;
-- A SQL statement that uses the PL/SQL function
select sum(add_one(id)) (more...)
Timeout parameter – it would be better to control connection time;
Simple page parsing with PCRE regular expressions – to speed up and simplify page parsing, because if you want to get big number matched expressions from CLOB with regexp_xxx oracle functions, you have to call these functions many times with different [occurance] parameters, passing/accessing to the (more...)