UKOUG Tech14 slides – Exadata Security Best Practices

I think 2 years is long enough to wait between posts!

Today I delivered a session about Oracle Exadata Database Machine Best Practices and promised to post the slides for it (though no one asked about them :). I’ve also posted them to the Tech14 agenda as well.

Direct download: UKOUG Tech14 Exadata Security slides

Patching Time

Just a quick note to point out that the October PSU was just released. The database has a few more vulnerabilities than usual (31), but they are mostly related to Java and the high CVSS score of 9 only applies to people running Oracle on windows. (On other operating systems, the highest score is 6.5.)

I did happen to glance at the announcement on the security blog, and I thought this short (more...)

Enterprise User Security – Presentation Material available

On the presentations page you can find the my presentation material from DOAG regional meeting September 2014 in Munich about “Enterprise User Security”.

Avoid UTL_FILE_DIR Security Weakness – Use Oracle Directories Instead

Integrigy:

The UTL_FILE database package is used to read from and write to operating system directories and files. By default, PUBLIC is granted execute permission on UTL_FILE. Therefore, any database account may read from and write to files in the directories specified in the UTL_FILE_DIR database initialization parameter [...] Security considerations with UTL_FILE can be mitigated by removing all directories from UTL_FILE_DIR and using the Directory functionality instead.


© Eddie Awad's Blog, (more...)

Unlimited Session Timeout

There are a lot of security admins out there that are going to hate me for this post. There are a lot of system administrators, developers, and users, however, that will LOVE me for this post. The code I'm about to share with you will keep the logged in PeopleSoft user's session active as long as the user has a browser window open that points to a PeopleSoft instance. Why would you do this? I (more...)

Incompetence or Malice?

We’ve just had a leak of 900,000 national identifier numbers here in Denmark. That’s about 16% of the total population, so it’s pretty big. These numbers are unique identifiers for a person (similar to Social Security Numbers) and are a good starting point for identity theft.

Never ascribe to malice that which can adequately be explained by incompetence.

Napoleon Bonaparte

 

So how did these numbers leak? Through plain incompetence and lack of procedures. It (more...)

They Took Away My Cloud

On Monday, a U.S. judge gave Microsoft control of 22 domains owned by domain hosting service No-IP.com. Microsoft intended to filter out some domains used by malware, but promptly screwed up. The result was that millions of legitimate users could not access their servers.

This will happen again and again as infrastructure moves to centralized cloud providers. What do you think will happen if the server just above yours in the server rack (more...)

Is your database secure? Are you sure? Are you *really* sure?

Credit for finding this bug is given to Daniel Ekberg – https://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=10435009. He got the official credit given by Oracle Corp for helping out with security related bugs in the January 2014 CPU. He found the bug and had the tenacity to track down and prove that it was a bug and not just a flaw in the logging mechanism where this first was indicated to occur.

Today is the day when (more...)

Oracle 12c – New SYS-level Administration Privileges

For a while now, Oracle has been moving its security model toward a more differentiated set of privileges than just SYSDBA and SYSOPER.  We saw this in 11g with the SYSASM privilege.  This is in response to the growing number of DBA shops that delineate permissions at a more granular level, even among DBAs.  Rather than saying, “Here’s my DBA team, everyone has SYSDBA,” more and more IT shops are defining DBA (more...)

Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?

The above phase means “who will guard the guards themselves?” and is relevant in many security contexts.

Here in Denmark, we are currently having our own “News of the World” affair. In our case, a contractor at the payment processor handling almost all Danish credit cards was able to automatically send a tip to a journalist whenever a celebrity used his or her credit card. That makes it hard to take an incognito honeymoon (more...)

IT Defence in Depth

The Heartbleed bug has shown that security vulnerabilities can pop up everywhere. Unfortunately, many IT organizations depend on a single security layer to secure their network – and as the ineffectiveness of the Maginot Line proved, that is a risky strategy. You need multiple security layers – what soldiers call Defence in Depth.Security LayersThis illustration is from my weekly Technology That Fits newsletter – sign up here.

HeartBleed and Oracle

There are a lot of people asking about Heartbleed and how it has impacted the web.
Oracle has published  MOS Note 1645479.1 that talks about all the products impacted and if and when fixes will be available.
The following blog post is also a good reference about the vulnerability.  https://blogs.oracle.com/security/entry/heartbleed_cve_2014_0160_vulnerability



Deep Dive: Oracle WebCenter Tips and Traps!

I'm currently at IOUG Collaborate 2014 in Las Vegas, and I recently finished my 2-hour deep dive into WebCenter. I collected a bunch of tips & tricks in 5 different areas: metadata, contribution, consumption, security, and integrations:


As usual, a lot of good presentations this year, but the Collaborate Mobile App makes it a bit tough to find them...

Bezzotech will be at booth (more...)

The Art of Exploiting Injection Flaws

Sid is doing his popular course, The Art of Exploiting Injection Flaws, at this year’s Black Hat. You can find more details here. Definitely highly recommended.

Pre-digested authentication

A bit of a follow-up to my previous post on Digest authentication.

The fun thing about doing the hard yards to code up the algorithm is that you get a deeper level of understanding about what's going on. Take these lines:

    v_in_str := utl_raw.cast_to_raw(i_username||':'||i_realm||':'||i_password);
    v_ha1 := lower(DBMS_OBFUSCATION_TOOLKIT.md5(input => v_in_raw));

Every time we build the "who we are" component for this site, we start with exactly the same (more...)

PL/SQL, UTL_HTTP and Digest Authentication

For the first time in what seems like ages, I've actually put together a piece of code worth sharing. It's not that I haven't been working, but just that it has all been very 'in-house' specific.

However I had a recent requirement to use a web service that makes use of Digest Authentication. If you have look at the UTL_HTTP SET_AUTHENTICATION subprogram, it only addresses Basic authentication (and, apparently, Amazon S3 which looks intriguing).

In (more...)

The WebLogic Server and Trust Stores


I will describe how you configure trust stores for the WebLogic Server.

Overview

Chain of trust

When a SSL server certificate is issued by a CA it is signed by a another certificate. Normally this will be an intermediate certificated, that is again signed by the CAs root certificate. So there is a chain of trust between the (more...)

The Balance of Business

In every business, there is a balance between business goals and various impediments.

The Balance of Business

You need to make sure that you don’t allow legal, QA, security and other internally-focused concerns tip the scale towards paralysis. There is more in this week’s edition of my newsletter “Technology That Fits” – sign up here.

You don’t know what happens

Suddenly, our offshore colleagues could not access the database. We scrambled to find a solution, and and it soon transpired that the central security function had rolled out out a security policy upgrade the night before. Unfortunately, our offshore colleagues were connected to the network in an uncommon way, so the new security policy cut them off.

You don’t know what will happen when you change a system. Enterprise IT landscapes have reached a complexity (more...)

Clusterware 12c and Restricted Service Registration for RAC

Topic: This post is about exploring the mechanisms used by Oracle Clusterware 12.1.0.1 to restrict remote service registration, i.e. the 12c new feature "Restricting Service Registration for Oracle RAC Deployments"

Why is this useful? This improvement of 12c clusterware and listeners over the 11.2 version is useful mainly for security purposes, for example as a measure against TNS poisoning attacks (see also CVE-2012-1675), and it is particularly relevant for (more...)