SQL Activity for the last hour

This script can be used to show the top 10 SQL activity for the last hour. It uses the v$active_session_history view to search top SQL by resource consumption. SQL Activity [crayon-5377b1876b186473467355/] Here is the result you can obtain: and the active sessions history graph for the same period:

The post SQL Activity for the last hour appeared first on Oracle DBA Scripts and Articles (Montreal).

Inserts on HCC tables

There are already a lot of blogposts and presentations done about Hybrid Columnar Compression and i am adding one more blogpost to that list. Recently i was doing some small tests one HCC and noticed that that inserts on a HCC row didn’t got compressed and yes i was using direct path loads:

DBA@TEST1> create table hcc_me (text1 varchar2(4000)) compress for archive high;

Table created.

KJJ@TEST1> insert /*+ append */ into hcc_me select dbms_random.string('x',100)  (more...)

SQLServer: date conversions

In my current project I need to query an MS SqlServer database.
Unfortunately the dates are stored as a BigInt instead of a proper date datatype.
So I had to find out how to do compare the dates with the systemdate, and how to get the system date. To log this for possible later use, as an exception, a blog about SqlServer.

To get the system date, you can do:

It's maybe (more...)

Average Active Sessions (AAS)

Description The Average Active Sessions (AAS) metric is a very good indicator of the database activity. This metric represents the number of sessions, either working or waiting for a resource at a specific point in time. Idle sessions are not included in the calculation of this metric. To calculate AAS, we need another metric called [...]

The post Average Active Sessions (AAS) appeared first on Oracle DBA Scripts and Articles (Montreal).

Current_Schema and the Data Dictionary

Being a huge fan of Logger, the PL/SQL logging utility, I really wanted this be to included in the project that I'm currently working on. So I downloaded it (link at the bottom of this blog) and included it in our deployment scripts. Done.... at least I thought so, but of course this wasn't the case.

The regular install script for Logger looks something like the following (parts removed and table names are changed):

set (more...)


plsql_logoThere is a ‘rule’, I think it was created by Tom Kyte, stating: If you can do it in SQL, do it in SQL. I came across some code the other day that makes perfect sense to do then you are running an Oracle 10g (or earlier) instance. I rewrote the code to use only the EMP and DEPT tables to protect the suspects and maybe innocent.

The function defined is something like this:

Hierarchical XML from SQL

Years ago I wrote an article (in Dutch) on the XML functions in Oracle SQL. It can be found here.
It describes how to create an xml document as an XMLType with an Oracle SQL Query.

The query that is described is based on a pretty simple table, with no relationships. I'm creating a new course based on a datamodel we created years ago, that contains data. I wanted to abstract some of that data (more...)

Remote Surprise

Here is an example of surprising behaviour from a remote DB from an OTN forum thread

Setup a link to a remote DB (I’ve used an actual remote DB and not tested a loopback)

Remote DB:

create table t1
(col1  varchar2(1));

Local DB:

create or replace view v1 
select count(*) c1 from t1@l1;

Then alternate variations on this sequence of events:

1. On local DB execute SELECT:


2. On remote (more...)

wpg_docload.download_file : mime type not recognized by client

For a project we are currently working on, we needed to generate, and send a Word 2010 document to the client. The document was generated by a great PL/SQL document generation tool called Doxxy, and was send to the client using the wpg_docload package. This is a standard Oracle pl/sql package that can be used to download files, BLOBs and BFILEs.

Before the download, we set the Content-type in the http header as follows :

owa_util. (more...)

Installing Java, Oracle 11g R2 Express Edition and SQL Developer on Ubuntu 64-bit

A while ago I tried to install Oracle 11g R2 Express Edition on a 64-bit Ubuntu machine. This proved to be not as easy as you would expect. There are many blogs and articles about this subject and I tried a number of them. Unfortunately neither of the instructions seemed to work completely on my machine. With the combined information from the authors, I finally got it to work and I’ll gladly share my recipe (more...)

Yet Another Elementary SQL Bug


sokrates@12.1 > select banner from v$version;

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release - 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release - Production
CORE	Production
TNS for Linux: Version - Production
NLSRTL Version - Production

sokrates@12.1 > select value from nls_database_parameters where parameter='NLS_CHARACTERSET';

sokrates@12.1 > ! (more...)

How 2 Bytes can fit into 1 Byte

Chris Saxon posted a nice quiz regarding a pitfall when creating tables with VARCHAR2-columns: when you are not explicit in specifying the length-semantics ( CHAR or BYTE ), a session parameter, which may vary, is used.

This is a short follow-up of his story, which shows more pitfalls when creating views and selecting from those.
We end up in a structure which can – by definition – contain only 1 byte, but actually shows containing (more...)

NoSQL? No Thanks

There continues to be a disproportionate amount of hype around 'NoSQL' data stores.  By disproportionate I mean 'completely and utterly out of scale with the actual problems of the vast majority of companies'.  I wrote before about 'how NoSQL became more SQL'.  The point I made there is now more apparent the more I work with companies on Big Data challenges. There are three worlds of data



This year, from June 22 - June 26, the best convention in the world, ODTUG’s KScope14 will be held in Seattle, Washington. I am already looking forward to meeting some ‘old’ friends again, creating new friends and seeing some of the best content by presenters from all over the world.

Some of the presentations I am looking forward to:

In the Developer’s Toolkit track:

Six things to make your Big Data project succeed

So I wrote about why your Hadoop project will fail so I think its only right that I should follow up with some things that you can do to actually make the Big Data project you take on succeed.  The first thing you need to do is stop trying to make 'Big Data' succeed and instead start focusing on how you educate the business on the value of information and then work out how to deliver new (more...)

A Restriction of the Cardinality Hint

Here is a restriction of the cardinality hint in conjunction with the materialize-hint ( note: both are undocumented but sometimes of great use ):
we cannot tell the optimizer in the outer query ( the one that uses the materialized subquery ) about the cardinality of the materialization, this can only – and then not always – be done within the materializing query.

The example to show that is stolen from Tom Kyte’s Presentation S13961_Best_Practices_for_Managing_Optimizer_Statistics_Short. (more...)

Issue with updatable views

It’s sometimes amazing, how many bugs there are still with elementary SQL.

Here is one concerning updatable views:

sokrates@12.1 > create table t ( v varchar2(30) );

Table created.

sokrates@12.1 > create view v as
  2  select v as dontdothatman, v as canbelostwheninserted
  3  from t; 

View created.

sokrates@12.1 > insert /* this is fine */ into v 
  2  values('fine', 'fine');

1 row created.

sokrates@12.1 > select * from v;

DONTDOTHATMAN		        (more...)

The Twelve Days of NoSQL: Day Twelve: Concluding Remarks

On the twelfth day of Christmas, my true love gave to me Twelve drummers drumming. The relational camp put productivity, ease-of-use, and logical elegance front and center. However, the mistakes and misconceptions of the relational camp prevent mainstream database management systems from achieving the performance level required by modern applications. For example, Dr. Codd forbade […]

The Twelve Days of NoSQL: Day Eleven: Mistakes of the relational camp

On the eleventh day of Christmas, my true love gave to me Eleven pipers piping. Over a lifespan of four and a half decades, the relational camp made a series of strategic mistakes that made NoSQL and Big Data possible. The mistakes started very early. The biggest mistake is enshrined in the first sentence of […]

The Twelve Days of NoSQL: Day Ten: Big Data

On the tenth day of Christmas, my true love gave to me Ten lords a-leaping. The topic of Big Data is often encountered when talking about NoSQL so let’s give it a nod. In 1998, Sergey Brin and Larry Page invented an algorithm for ranking web pages (The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search […]