This is a very quick post, because I’m about to log off and take an extended summer holiday (or vacation as my crazy American friends call it… but then they call football “soccer” too). Before I go, I wanted to document my initial findings with the new ASM Filter Driver feature introduced in this week’s 12.1.o.2 patchset.
For some time now I have preferred Oracle SLOB as my tool for generating I/O workloads using Oracle databases. I’ve previously blogged some information on how to use SLOB for PIO testing, as well as shared some scripts for running tests and extracting results. I’ve now added a whole new landing page for SLOB and a complete guide to running sustained throughput testing.
Why would you want to run sustained throughput tests? Well, one (more...)
The last post in this series discussed the layout of NAND flash memory chips and the way in which cells can be read and written (programmed) at the page level but have to be erased at the (larger) block level. I finished by mentioning that erase operations take substantially longer than read or program operations… but just how big is the difference?
Knowing the answer to this involves first understanding the different types of flash (more...)
In the last post on this subject I described the invention of NAND flash and the way in which erase operations affect larger areas than write operations. Let’s have a look at this in more detail and see what actually happens. First of all, we need to know our way around the different entities on a flash chip: the die, the plane, the block and the page:
In the past I have been a little critical of Oracle’s support notes and documentation regarding the use of Advanced Format 4k storage devices. I must now take that back, as my new friends in Oracle ASM Development and Product Management very kindly offered to let me write a new support note, which they have just published on My Oracle Support. It’s only supposed to be high level, but it does confirm that the _DISK_SECTOR_SIZE_OVERRIDE (more...)
In the early 1980s, before we ever had such wondrous things as cell phones, tablets or digital cameras, a scientist named Dr Fujio Masuoka was working for Toshiba in Japan on the limitations of EPROM and EEPROM chips. An EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) is a type of memory chip that, unlike RAM for example, does not lose its data when the power supply is lost – in the technical jargon it is non-volatile. It does (more...)
When I was a child, about four or five years old, my dad told me a joke. It wasn’t a very funny joke, but it stuck in my mind because of what happened next. The joke went like this:
Dad: “What’s big at the bottom, small at the top and has ears?”
Me: “I don’t know?”
Dad: “A mountain!”
Me: “Er…<puzzled>… What about the ears?”
Dad: (Triumphantly) “Haven’t you heard (more...)
I am aware that (more...)
If any of this is ticking boxes for you, it’s time to consider what flash could do for the performance of your database:
- I/O wait times are high. Essentially we are looking for high latency from the existing storage system. Flash memory systems should deliver I/O with sub-millisecond (more...)
The effect of ASM redundancy/parity on read/write IOPS – SLOB test case! for Exadata and non-Exa environments
Last week I had a lengthy post at oracle-l that tackles Calibrate IO, Short Stroking, Stripe size, UEK kernel, and ASM redundancy effect on IOPS Exadata which you can read here
followed by interesting exchange of tweets with Kevin Closson here (see 06/21-22 tweets) which I was replying in between games at UnderwaterHockey US Nationals 2012 which we won the championship for the B division I have my awesome photo with the medal here
This post will detail on the ASM redundancy/parity effect on IOPS… if… by changing the ASM redundancy (external, normal, and high) will it decrease the workload (more...)
I have received a fair number of responses to my previous post on this subject (some via comments and some via email). I thought the discussion worthwhile enough to punch it up a bit more here.
As I pointed out in the previous post, EMC can easily match NetApp's play to back up ExaData with the following:
As Geoff Rosser so correctly pointed out, this answer is incomplete. Yes, Data Domain is an awesome Oracle backup solution. Yes, it provides incredible deduplication rates for Oracle database environments. (Thanks, dynamox.) However, it is not the only viable solution from (more...)
I was doing some installation at customer site when they asked if there anything specific to run GI 11.2 on HP-UX as this was their first interaction with 11g. Of course I replied that there is nothing specific, just to make sure the ownership of the raw disk is correct and had a correct ASM discovery string. They said that this is all done as it’s written in the documentation, but disks could not be discovered. This made me curious and asked them to log me in the system so I could have a look.
The system was running (more...)
On my post about observing the Exadata V1 I had an interesting comment posted by Mark Seger (author of collectl and collectl utilities) about the correlation of activities across a system, the sample and snap time, and seeing the state of the subsystem before and after…
The comment made me curious about the effect of snap intervals on the performance numbers of the datafiles and block devices.. especially on the latency numbers.. so I made a few test cases and created some scripts that would give me 5 seconds, 10 minutes, and 60 minutes output of (more...)